Corn harvest in Kansas reached 99 percent complete by Sunday, about two weeks ahead of last year and more than three weeks ahead of the five-year average. Corn harvested for grain in Nebraska was 97 percent finished, well ahead of 83 last year and 64 average, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service reports Monday.
Continued dry conditions last week allowed Kansas producers to wrap up wheat seeding and corn harvest. They also took advantage of the weather to make good progress harvesting the other row crops. No stations reported precipitation last week. High temperatures ranged from 89 degrees in Winfield to 65 degrees in Baileyville, while lows ranged from 19 degrees in Ashland to 37 degrees in Newton. Average temperatures were above normal in the western two thirds of the state and below normal in the eastern third.
Kansas producers averaged 6.9 days suitable for fieldwork, with only the Northeastern and Southeastern Districts averaging less than 6.8 suitable working days. Topsoil moisture supplies were at 39 percent very short, 34 percent short, 27 percent adequate, and none surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were at 53 percent very short, 34 percent short, 13 percent adequate, and none surplus. Moisture is still needed throughout the State to establish the 2013 wheat crop and replenish ponds for livestock.
Field Crop Report:
Kansas farmers have nearly completed wheat seeding as 98 percent of the crop had been planted by Sunday, the same as last year but ahead of 94 percent for the 5-year average. Eighty-seven percent of the wheat had emerged by week's end, ahead of last year at 85 percent and the 5-year average of 80 percent. The condition of the crop was 3 percent very poor, 10 percent poor, 50 percent fair, 35 percent good, and 2 percent excellent.
Corn harvest reached 99 percent complete Sunday, around two weeks ahead of 95 percent last year and over three weeks ahead of the 5-year average of 85 percent.
Twelve percent of the soybean crop was harvested last week to reach 86 percent complete for the state. This is behind 90 percent last year but ahead of the 5-year average of 81 percent. The Southeast and East Central Districts had less than 80 percent of their soybeans harvested as of Sunday.
Sorghum harvest reached 75 percent complete by Sunday, ahead of 74 percent last year and the 5-year average of 63 percent.
The fourth cutting of alfalfa reached 84 percent complete, behind 95 percent last year and the 5-year average of 96 percent.
Feed Supplies Report:
Range and pasture condition was rated as 53 percent very poor, 28 percent poor, 15 percent fair, and 4 percent good, continuing the worst range and pasture condition trend since the series started in 1995. Hay and forage supplies were rated as 36 percent very short, 37 percent short, 26 percent adequate, and 1 percent surplus; while stock water supplies were 42 percent very short, 30 percent short, 28 percent adequate, and none surplus. Producers are pulling cattle off pastures and starting winter feeding.
For the week ending Nov. 4, most corn remaining to be harvested is in western counties where some producers are struggling to harvest lodged crops due to the high winds in mid-October, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service, Nebraska Field Office. Statewide, corn harvest was 97 percent complete and sorghum harvest stands at 94 percent, both well ahead of average.
Winter wheat conditions declined as emergence of the winter wheat crop has been slow and poor in some areas and now stands at 83 percent, well behind average. Some dry bean fields were damaged by the freeze and have been harvested for livestock feed. Soil temperatures averaged below 50 for most of the state except for some southern border counties. Anhydrous applications have now begun while fall field work continues.
Average temperatures varied widely across the state from 2 degrees below normal in the east to 7 degrees above normal in the Panhandle. Highs ranged from lower 60s to upper 70's and lows dipped into the mid 20s. No precipitation was reported by recording stations.
Field Crops Report:
Corn harvested for grain was 97 percent, well ahead of 83 last year and 64 average.
Winter wheat emerged was 83 percent, well behind 99 percent last year and 98 average due to dry soils. Wheat conditions rated 19 percent very poor, 30 poor, 38 fair, 12 good, and 1 excellent, well below 78 percent good to excellent last year and 69 average.
Sorghum harvested was 94 percent complete, ahead of 79 last year and 60 average.
Dry beans harvested were 99 percent, near 100 last year and equal to 99 average.